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For our ESG reporting, we follow the guidance of the Norwegian Shipowners' Association and the SASB framework. The climate risk assessment follows the TCFD framework, and the reporting is in line with the Euronext ESG reporting guidelines. The ESG report has three parts: Environment, Social and Governance (incl. SASB Activity metrics).

We also report emissions to the EU MRV, the IMO DCS, the CDP and the Poseidon Principles. We annually present Communication of Progress to the UN Global Compact and also report sustainability data to EcoVadis. Our sustainability strategy and documentation are
published on Odfjell.com.

The Annual report 2022 was published  28.03.2023. This ESG report table is last updated 02.01.2024.

ENVIRONMENT

Topics Accounting metric Unit Ref
Climate risk and climate footprint
Scope 1 GHG emissions

Gross global Scope 1 GHG emissions to the atmosphere are reported in line with the GHG Protocol. Scope 1 emissions are direct greenhouse (GHG) emissions that occur from sources that are controlled or owned by an organization (e.g. emissions associated with fuel combustion).

In 2022, Odfjell's CO2 emissions decreased by 14% compared to 2021.

Odfjell reports CO2 emissions to the Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP), the source for metrics used for banks, in accordance with the Poseidon Principles.

Odfjell also reports CO2 via the EU MRV and the IMO DCS protocol according to required scope.

Shipping emissions represent 99% of our total Scope 1 emissions. Odfjell has set a target to have a zero-emission-capable fleet by 2050.

Vessels included in the emission calculations are all vessels operated by Odfjell, including time charter and pool vessels. The number is sensitive to number of ships operated by Odfjell at any time.

1,279,741 metric
tonnes CO2 in 2022
compared to
1,488,913 in 2021
which is a reduction
of 14% of absolute
emissions.

SASB TR-MT-110a.1
GRI 305-1
SDG 13
CDP C6-C8
GHG
Poseidon Principles

IMO strategy on reduction of GHG emissions 2030-2050

IMO DCS

EU MRV

Scope 2 GHG emissions

Scope 2 emissions are indirect GHG emissions associated with the purchase of electricity, steam, heat, or cooling. Odfjell converts purchased electricity to metric tonnes of CO2 equivalents location-based.These numbers are reported in the Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP).

Scope 2 emissions represent less than 1% of our total GHG emissions.

Terminals represent 96.7% of our total Scope 2 emissions.

8,877 metric
tonnes CO2 in 2022,
compared to 9,035
in 2021.

GRI 305-2
SDG 13
CDP C6-C8
GHG

Scope 3 GHG emissions

Scope 3 emissions covers our upstream and downstream value chain emissions. Odfjell has for 2022 in additon to former reporting used a spend-based approach to measure Scope 3 emissions in category 1 Purchased Goods and Services and category 3 Fuel-and energy related activities (fuel production). Odfjell’s former Scope 3 emissions reporting included mainly category 5 Waste generated in operations,  category 6 Business travel and category 7 Employee commuting. For this reason the Scope 3 emissions data for 2022 are not comparable to former years. Our biggest Scope 3 emissions source is related to production of fuel, and represent 86% of our Scope 3 emissions.

The calculated Scope 3 emissions data on category 1 and 3 represent a confidence fraction of 97.4%. The project to calculate Scope 3 category 1 and 3 emissions was accomplished by following the GHG Protocol methodology, more specifically in what refers the spend-based approach. We resort to the Simapro 9.5 software for data modulation, supported by Re-Flow, where we have access to Exiobase database to select the necessary emission factors for the spend-based approach.

We have invested in multiple electrical charging stations at the headquarters in Bergen in order to incentivize the use of electrical cars for commuting.

890,707 metric
tonnes CO2 in 2022.

GRI 305-4
SDG 13
GHG

GHG emissions intensity

Odfjell uses the Annual Efficiency Ratio (AER) and the Energy Efficiency Operational Indicator (EEOI) to monitor fleet efficiency performance over time. The indicators enable us to measure the fuel efficiency of the fleet, and to gauge the effect of any improvement initiatives.

AER is used by the IMO for its official Carbon Intensity Indicator (CII). Odfjell reports preliminary AER, for controlled fleet and operated fleet, every quarter.

Odfjell has set a climate target to improve carbon intensity (using AER) by 50%, by 2030, compared to 2008 baseline.

*Operated fleet – vessels commercially operated and/or managed by Odfjell,
controlled fleet – operated vessels excl. TC/Pool vessels and incl. owned vessels operated by others.

In 2022, Odfjell improved its AER for the operated fleet* by 4% to 7.91, compared
to 2021 (8.24).

For the controlled
fleet* AER improved
by 5.5% to 7.59,
compared to 2021 (8.03).

In 2022, Odfjell
reduced the EEOI
level for the operated
fleet to 13.80,
compared to 15.70 in 2021.

GRI 305-4
SDG 13
CDP C-TS6/C-TS8

Poseidon Principles

GHG emission management

Odfjell supports the Paris Agreement and the IMO strategy to reduce GHG emissions and global warming. Odfjell will contribute to the achievement of SDG 13 to combat climate change and its impacts by reducing GHG emissions.

Odfjell has set ambitious climate targets that go beyond those set by the IMO. Odfjell's climate targets are approved by the Board of Directors.

Our climate targets are:
1) We will cut greenhouse gas emission by 50% by 2030, compared to 2008 (intensity target for carbon, measured in Annual Efficiency Ratio of CO2)

2) We are dedicated to pursuing a zero-emission strategy, and will only order newbuildings with zero-emission capable technology

3) We will have a zero-emission-capable fleet from 2050

4) We will actively support initiatives to develop technology and infrastructure for decarbonization, energy efficiency and support international regulation to drive zero emission for our industry and our value chain

By setting ambitious climate targets, Odfjell is committed to reducing GHG emissions. In 2022 we have reduced carbon intensity by 49% compared to IMO baseline for 2008, and we expect to achieve the 50% reduction target in 2023. We intend to set new targets for 2030 in 2023.

Scope 2 emissions represent less than 1% of our total GHG emissions, and targets have not yet been set. Still, we are dedicated to the efficient use of energy, and have made several energy improvements at our headquarters.

For 2022, we are ahead of target to achieve our
2030 carbon intensity
reduction goals.

Our target is to reduce
50% carbon intensity
by 2030.

SASB TR-MT-110a.2
GRI-DMA 305-1
GRI 305-5
SDG 13
GHG

IMO strategy on reduction of GHG emissions 2030-2050

Odfjell Sustainability Linked Finance Framework

Climate risk reporting

Odfjell conducts climate risk assessments and reporting in line with Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures (TCFDand the Non-financial Reporting Directive. This assessment is updated and available on our website here. The nature risk assessment follows the Taskforce on Nature-related Financial Disclosures (TNFD) framework.

TCFD
GRI 201-2
SDG 13
CDP C1-C4

Energy mix

In 2020, Odfjell switched from Heavy Fuel Oil (HFO) to Very Low Sulphur Fuel Oil (VLFSO) and Marine Gas Oil (MGO). Seven scrubber-fitted pool vessels are included in the reporting.

Fuel consumption in 2022 was as follows:
• 5.10% HFO (5.18% in 2021)
• 17.53% MGO (17.53% in 2021)
• 77.37% VLSFO (77.29% in 2021)

Total energy consumption is calculated based on a model from CDP that includes all energy consumed related to purchased electricity for terminals and offices, as well as consumed fossil fuels and gases for vessels, terminal sites, and owned cars.

1) Total energy consumption of 17,020,121 GJ
in 2022, compared
to 19,793,124 GJ in 2021.

2) 5.10% Heavy Fuel in 2022.

3) 13.5% Renewable/
Low carbon electricity consumption in 2022,
compared to
2.6% in 2021.

SASB TR-MT-110a.3
GRI 302-1
SDG 13
CDP C8

Air pollution
Other air emissions

We are not able to monitor SO2 emissions directly, but we can calculate a weighted average based on all bunker delivery notes for purchase in 2021.

None of Odfjell's owned ships are fitted with open- or closed-loop scrubbers. Odfjell’s current policy is that we do not retrofit our fleet with scrubbers to ensure sulphur regulation.

Seven ships owned by TRF entered an Odfjell commercial pool in 2022. These vessels are fitted with an open-loop scrubber. The pool closed in December 2022, and Odfjell does not operate scrubber fitted vessels.

At Odfjell Terminals, our storage tanks are sealed and pressurized. This reduces emissions more than regular atmospheric storage tanks for chemicals.

Vapors generated by product movements are managed through vapor balancing to reduce emissions, and any remaining vapors are flared, along with breathing losses from products requiring vapor treatment.

Total SO2 emissions
in 2022 were 3,131
tonnes, down from
4,705 in 2021.

Sulphur emission, based on total fuel consumption, was
1,568 tonnes, down
from 2,356 tonnes in 2021.

SASB TR-MT-120a.1
GRI 305-7
SDG 3

Sea and land pollution

The Odfjell fleet is, or will be, fitted with ballast water treatment systems (BWTS) to prevent the spread of harmful aquatic organisms from one region to another, thus complying with the BWM Convention.

As of the end of 2022, Odfjell has 52 ships that fall within the scope of the requirements and of those, 50 have BWTS installed. Two ships operate with flag dispensation due to cabotage trade.

All pool and time charter vessels in the Odfjell fleet are in compliance with the BWM Convention.

The fleet is fitted with compliant and class-approved systems to handle effluent water, wastewater, and oily water. The systems are registered, and subject to inspections by authorities.

Marpol Annex V is strictly enforced on our vessels by company procedures and all have their ship specific Garbage Management Plan (GMP).

The GMP includes familiarization/training of personnel, posters to be displayed and detailed process for garbage disposal with record keeping requirements.

All garbage is segregated onboard with dedicated containers for plastics, food wastes, domestic wastes, used cooking oil, incinerator ashes & electronic waste.

Further to these measures we have also implemented garbage compactors on all our vessels to further improve handling and recycling. As for operational wastes and mooring-lines, this is collected and delivered to reception facilities.

At our terminals, we have wastewater treatment systems for effluent management. The remaining waste at our Houston terminal is treated off-site by the Houston terminal Gulf Coast Waste Disposal Authority (GCWDA), to which we are connected by pipeline for wastewater.

Our storage tanks are designed to reduce hazardous waste. The sloped design of the tank bottoms limits residual product in tanks, making cleaning easier and better. We use infrared inspection techniques to detect heat leaks due to damaged insulation. This is then repaired, reducing heat losses and thereby reducing energy consumption.

We also employ acoustic inspection techniques for nitrogen and compressed air systems to eliminate small leaks and reduce energy consumption.

In 2022, 96% of our fleet was fitted with BWTS.

All ships in scope will be fitted by March 2023.

International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships' Ballast Water and Sediments (BWM)

Ship recycling
Responsible ship recycling

Odfjell supports and follows the recommendations of the Norwegian Shipowners' Association, the EU and the IMO.

Responsible and compliant ship recycling is a significant part of the circular economy, keeping resources in use for as long as possible and minimizing waste.

Ship recycling is an essential industry for sustainable production, and it supports the developing economies of several countries.

Odfjell has sold one ship for recycling in 2022, the process is in full compliance with applicable rules and regulations of the ship's flag state and applicable international rules and regulations.

See separate article on recycling in this annual report (page 53).

One ship sold for
recycling in 2022.

EU Ship Recycling Regulation (EU 1257/2013)
FOR-2018-12-06-1813

Hong Kong Convention

Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal and Ban Amendment

EU Regulation on Shipments of Waste

Responsible Ship Recycling Standard

SDG 8, 12, 14

Ecological Impacts
Shipping duration in marine protected areas and areas of protected conservation status

Our shipping operations follow the main routes between major ports around the world. We follow international and local regulations and guidance to avoid protected areas.

We do not currently track time and operations in areas of protected conservation status in accordance with UN Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP WCMC).

Emission Control Areas (ECAs), or Sulphur Emission Control Areas (SECAs), are sea areas in which stricter controls are established to minimize airborne emissions from ships, as defined by the MARPOL Protocol.

The Odfjell fleet operated 5,829 days in ECA areas
(including days in port), representing 20.2% of total days (including days in
port).

SASB TR-MT-160a.1 SDG 14
GRI 304-2

Annex VI of the 1997 MARPOL Protocol

UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP WCMC)

Number and aggregate volume of spills and releases to the environment

For our fleet, all spills of any substance – harmful or not – are registered and handled as a spill. We also register whether the spill has been contained on board or affected the environment beyond.

At our terminals, we strive to further reduce the number of spills through better inspections and additional operational training.

There was no pollution outside the terminals caused by spills in 2022. Terminals are complying with the regulations mentioned in their permits.

25 registered spills (44 in 2021) contained on board
and one pollution of the environment in 2022 on our
managed ships.

Terminals' number of
spills > 5 liters
was 15 (19 in 2021).

LOPC (Loss of
Primary Containment)
was 26 (30 in 2021).

SASB TR-MT-160a.3 SDG 14
GRI 306-3

Sustainable Procurement

Sustainable procurement is important to Odfjell, and we verify and ensure suppliers will follow our Suppliers Conduct Principles (CSCP). We also meet with our major suppliers, and have initiated requests for reporting of CO2 for the products we buy.

Every year, Odfjell reports its status on green and sustainable procurement to EcoVadis, including information on our interactions with our suppliers and the suppliers' performance in ESG audits, ESG clauses in contracts, training etc.

Odfjell is also a member of a procurement collaboration that screens suppliers on ethics, the environment, and human rights, accounting for 25% of total procurement volume. Odfjell has also asked all of its major suppliers to report carbon emissions, which will be used to calculate Odfjell's Scope 3 upstream emissions. We also completed a risk assessment and classified our suppliers for further investigation. We intend to improve supplier screening and follow-up in our procurement system. Odfjell is a member of the EcoVadis platform and has a silver rating for 2022.

Following the new Transparency Act, Odfjell will increase follow up, audits and cooperation with suppliers on Human Rights in the value chain.

100% of targeted suppliers have signed the CSCP in 2021.

80% of targeted suppliers with contracts have
included clauses on
environmental, labor, and human rights requirements.

75% of targeted suppliers have gone through a CSR
assessment (e.g. questionnaire).

32% of targeted suppliers have gone through a CSR on-site audit.

100% of buyers across all locations have received training on sustainable
procurement.